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:: Agency disclosure

Most states in the US require real estate agents to disclose who they work for, buyer or sellers or both. Some disclosures can be verbal and others must be in writing. Find out what type of disclosure the real estate agents in your state should make.

The form shown below is required by Massachusetts state law to be presented to every prospective home buyer and seller by any real estate agent upon first meeting with the consumer to discuss a specific property or property purchase. This is not a contract, but it does outline the type of services the broker is to provide to a consumer.

In order to have a broker work for you as a home buyer, you must first employ the broker as your buyer agent. We recommend that you employ only those real estate firms that work for buyers only. By having the entire real estate firm represent buyers exclusively, you avoid potential conflicts of interest that may result in "dual agency," where suddenly buyers and sellers find themselves without the full representation and commitment of their real estate agent.


The purpose of this disclosure is to enable you to make informed choices before working with a real estate licensee. It must be provided at the first personal meeting that you have with an agent to discuss a specific property. THIS IS NOT A CONTRACT. It is a disclosure notice for your information and protection. BE SURE TO READ THE DESCRIPTIONS OF THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF AGENCY REPRESENTATION ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THIS DISCLOSURE.

1. Whether you are the buyer or the seller you can choose to have the advice, assistance and representation of your own agent. Do not assume that a broker is acting on your behalf unless you have contracted with that broker to represent you.
2. All real estate licensees must, by law, present properties honestly and accurately.
3. If you are a seller you may authorize your listing agent to cooperate with agents from other firms to help sell your property. These cooperating agents may be subagents who work for the seller or buyers' agents.
4. If you are the buyer you have the option of working with sellers' or buyers' agents. This decision will depend on the types of services you want from a real estate agent. A buyer should tell sellers' agents, including subagents, only what he/she would tell the seller directly.

The duties of a real estate licensee do not relieve the consumer of the responsibility to protect his/her own interest. Consumers with questions on whether and how real estate agents share fees should pose them to the agent. If you need advice for legal, tax, insurance or other matters it is your responsibility to consult a professional in those areas.


When a seller engages in the services of a listing broker, that seller becomes the broker's client. This means the broker, and his/her subagents represent the seller. they owe the seller undivided loyalty, utmost care, disclosure, obedience to lawful instruction, confidentiality and accountability. They must put the seller's interest first and negotiate for the best price and terms for their client, the seller. (the seller may also authorize subagents to represent him/her in marketing the property to buyers).

When a buyer engages in the services of a broker then that broker becomes the broker's client. The broker owes the buyer undivided loyalty, utmost care, disclosure, obedience to lawful instruction, confidentiality and accountability. They must put the buyer's interest first and negotiate for the best price and terms for their client, the buyer. (The buyer may also authorize subagents to represent him/her in locating property).

A broker can work for both the buyer and the seller on the same property provided the broker obtains the informed consent of both parties. The broker is then considered a disclosed dual agent. This broker owes the seller and the buyer a duty to deal with them fairly and honestly. In this type of agency relationship the broker does not represent either the seller or buyer exclusively and they cannot expect the broker's undivided loyalty. Also, undisclosed dual agency is illegal.

I have provided this disclosure form to (Consumers Name )
I will be assisting the above named consumer as a:

(check one) __ Seller's Agent __ Buyer's Agent
________________________ _______ ___ __ 19___

(Signature of Real Estate Agent) (License Number) (Month) (Day) (Year)

I have read this agency disclosure form IN ITS ENTIRETY ON BOTH SIDES.

I understand that this form is for agency disclosure AND NOT A CONTRACT.

It was provided to me by the agent named above.

_______________________________________ ____ ____, 20 __

(Signature of Consumer(s) (Month) (Day) (Year)

Check Here: __ Buyer __ Seller

___ As a consumer I recognize that I need not select any agency representation at this time. Therefore, I decline to sign this disclosure. Any additional reason for declining to sign:

_______________________________________________________________ (PRINT NAME OF CONSUMER AND REASON, IF ANY)

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